Plant Metabolomics Reviews

Getting back to the grass roots: harnessing specialized metabolites for improved crop stress resilience

4 days 15 hours ago
Roots remain an understudied site of complex and important biological interactions mediating plant productivity. In grain and bioenergy crops, grass root specialized metabolites (GRSM) are central to key interactions, yet our basic knowledge of the chemical language remains fragmentary. Continued improvements in plant genome assembly and metabolomics are enabling large-scale advances in the discovery of specialized metabolic pathways as a means of regulating root-biotic interactions....
Yezhang Ding

Application of untargeted volatile profiling and data driven approaches in wine flavoromics research

1 week 1 day ago
Traditional flavor chemistry research usually makes use of targeted approaches by focusing on the detection and quantification of key flavor active metabolites that are present in food and beverages. In the last decade, flavoromics has emerged as an alternative to targeted methods where non-targeted and data driven approaches have been used to determine as many metabolites as possible with the aim to establish relationships among the chemical composition of foods and their sensory properties....
Maria Pérez-Jiménez

Drought and Heat Stress in Cool-Season Food Legumes in Sub-Tropical Regions: Consequences, Adaptation, and Mitigation Strategies

2 weeks 3 days ago
Drought and heat stress are two major abiotic stresses that challenge the sustainability of agriculture to a larger extend. The changing and unpredictable climate further aggravates the efforts made by researchers as well as farmers. The stresses during the terminal stage of cool-season food legumes may affect numerous physiological and biochemical reactions that may result in poor yield. The plants possess a good number of adaptative and avoiding mechanisms to sustain the adverse situation. The...
Venugopalan Visha Kumari

Considerations to Be Taken When Carrying Out Medicinal Plant Research-What We Learn from an Insight into the IC(50) Values, Bioavailability and Clinical Efficacy of Exemplary Anti-Inflammatory Herbal Components

2 weeks 3 days ago
Medicinal plants represent a big reservoir for discovering new drugs against all kinds of diseases including inflammation. In spite the large number of promising anti-inflammatory plant extracts and isolated components, research on medicinal plants proves to be very difficult. Based on that background this review aims to provide a summarized insight into the hitherto known pharmacologically active concentrations, bioavailability, and clinical efficacy of boswellic acids, curcumin, quercetin and...
Mona Abdel-Tawab

Crosstalk of Multi-Omics Platforms with Plants of Therapeutic Importance

2 weeks 3 days ago
From time immemorial, humans have exploited plants as a source of food and medicines. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recorded 21,000 plants with medicinal value out of 300,000 species available worldwide. The promising modern "multi-omics" platforms and tools have been proven as functional platforms able to endow us with comprehensive knowledge of the proteome, genome, transcriptome, and metabolome of medicinal plant systems so as to reveal the novel connected genetic (gene) pathways,...
Deepu Pandita

Olive Fruit Development and Ripening: Break on through to the "-Omics" Side

2 weeks 3 days ago
The olive tree (Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea) is the most important perennial crop in the Mediterranean region, producing table olives and oil, both appreciated for their nutraceutical value. Although olive oil quality traits have been extensively studied, much less attention has been paid to olive drupe. Olive drupe ripening is an extremely complex process involving numerous physiological and molecular changes that are unique in this fruit crop species. This review underlines the...
Christina Skodra

Progress towards Sustainable Control of <em>Xylella fastidiosa</em> subsp. <em>pauca</em> in Olive Groves of Salento (Apulia, Italy)

2 weeks 3 days ago
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca is the causal agent of "olive quick decline syndrome" in Salento (Apulia, Italy). On April 2015, we started interdisciplinary studies to provide a sustainable control strategy for this pathogen that threatens the multi-millennial olive agroecosystem of Salento. Confocal laser scanning microscopy and fluorescence quantification showed that a zinc-copper-citric acid biocomplex-Dentamet^(®)-reached the olive xylem tissue either after the spraying of the canopy or...
Marco Scortichini

Analytical Methodologies for Agrometallomics: A Critical Review

3 weeks 1 day ago
Agrometallomics, as an independent interdiscipline, is first defined and described in this review. Metallic elements widely exist in agricultural plants, animals and edible fungi, seed, fertilizer, pesticide, feedstuff, as well as the agricultural environment and ecology, and even functional and pathogenic microorganisms. So, the agrometallome plays a vital role in molecular and organismic mechanisms like environmetallomics, metabolomics, proteomics, lipidomics, glycomics, immunomics, genomics,...
Xue Li

Genetic toolbox and regulatory circuits of plant-nematode associations

3 weeks 3 days ago
Plant-nematode associations are the most imperative area of study that forms the basis to understand their regulatory networks and coordinated functional aspects. Nematodes are highly parasitic organisms known so far, to cause relentless damage towards agricultural crops on a global scale. They pierce the roots of host plants and form neo-plastic feeding structures to extract out resources for their functional development. Moreover, they undergo re-differentiation within plant cells to form...
Kanika Khanna

Resolving the effects of environmental micro- and nanoplastics exposure in biota: A knowledge gap analysis

3 weeks 4 days ago
The pervasive spread of microplastics (MPs) and nanoplastics (NPs) has raised significant concerns on their toxicity in both aquatic and terrestrial environments. These polymer-based materials have implications for plants, wildlife and human health, threatening food chain integrity and ultimate ecosystem resilience. An extensive - and growing - body of literature is available on MP- and NP-associated effects, including in a number of aquatic biota, with as yet limited reports in terrestrial...
Philippe J Thomas

Mass spectrometry-based strategies for single-cell metabolomics

3 weeks 5 days ago
Single cell analysis has drawn increasing interest from the research community due to its capability to interrogate cellular heterogeneity, allowing refined tissue classification and facilitating novel biomarker discovery. With the advancement of relevant instruments and techniques, it is now possible to perform multiple omics including genomics, transcriptomics, metabolomics or even proteomics at single cell level. In comparison with other omics studies, single-cell metabolomics (SCM)...
Rui Hu

Bacterial endophytome-mediated resistance in banana for the management of <em>Fusarium</em> wilt

4 weeks 1 day ago
Banana (Musa spp.), a major cash and staple fruit crop in many parts of the world, is infected by Fusarium wilt, which contributes up to 100% yield loss and causes social consequences. Race 1 and race 2 of Panama wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) are prevalent worldwide and seriously affect many traditional varieties. The threat of Foc tropical race 4 (Foc TR4) is looming large in African counties. However, its incidence in India has been confined to Bihar (Katihar and...
S Nakkeeran

Bioproduction process of natural products and biopharmaceuticals: Biotechnological aspects

1 month 1 week ago
Decades of research have been put in place for developing sustainable routes of bioproduction of high commercial value natural products (NPs) on the global market. In the last few years alone, we have witnessed significant advances in the biotechnological production of NPs. The development of new methodologies has resulted in a better understanding of the metabolic flux within the organisms, which have driven manipulations to improve production of the target product. This was further realised...
Ipek Süntar

Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography high-resolution mass spectrometry variants for metabolomics research

1 month 1 week ago
Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography high-resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRMS) variants currently represent the best tools to tackle the challenges of complexity and lack of comprehensive coverage of the metabolome. UHPLC offers flexible and efficient separation coupled with high-sensitivity detection via HRMS, allowing for the detection and identification of a broad range of metabolites. Here we discuss current common strategies for UHPLC-HRMS-based metabolomics, with a focus on...
Leonardo Perez de Souza

Accessory Chromosome-Acquired Secondary Metabolism in Plant Pathogenic Fungi: The Evolution of Biotrophs Into Host-Specific Pathogens

1 month 1 week ago
Accessory chromosomes are strain- or pathotype-specific chromosomes that exist in addition to the core chromosomes of a species and are generally not considered essential to the survival of the organism. Among pathogenic fungal species, accessory chromosomes harbor pathogenicity or virulence factor genes, several of which are known to encode for secondary metabolites that are involved in plant tissue invasion. Accessory chromosomes are of particular interest due to their capacity for horizontal...
Thomas E Witte

Late blight in tomato: insights into the pathogenesis of the aggressive pathogen Phytophthora infestans and future research priorities

1 month 1 week ago
This review provides insights into the molecular interactions between Phytophthora infestans and tomato and highlights research gaps that need further attention. Late blight in tomato is caused by the oomycota hemibiotroph Phytophthora infestans, and this disease represents a global threat to tomato farming. The pathogen is cumbersome to control because of its fast-evolving nature, ability to overcome host resistance and inefficient natural resistance obtained from the available tomato...
Purabi Mazumdar

Systems biology for crop improvement

1 month 2 weeks ago
In recent years, generation of large-scale data from genome, transcriptome, proteome, metabolome, epigenome, and others, has become routine in several plant species. Most of these datasets in different crop species, however, were studied independently and as a result, full insight could not be gained on the molecular basis of complex traits and biological networks. A systems biology approach involving integration of multiple omics data, modeling, and prediction of the cellular functions is...
Lekha T Pazhamala

Alkaloids of the Genus Datura: Review of a Rich Resource for Natural Product Discovery

1 month 2 weeks ago
The genus Datura (Solanaceae) contains nine species of medicinal plants that have held both curative utility and cultural significance throughout history. This genus' particular bioactivity results from the enormous diversity of alkaloids it contains, making it a valuable study organism for many disciplines. Although Datura contains mostly tropane alkaloids (such as hyoscyamine and scopolamine), indole, beta-carboline, and pyrrolidine alkaloids have also been identified. The tools available to...
Maris A Cinelli

Ethnopharmacology, chemodiversity, and bioactivity of Cephalotaxus medicinal plants

1 month 2 weeks ago
Cephalotaxus is the only genus of Cephalotaxaceae family, and its natural resources are declining due to habitat fragmentation, excessive exploitation and destruction. In many areas of China, folk herbal doctors traditionally use Cephalotaxus plants to treat innominate swollen poison, many of which are cancer. Not only among Han people, but also among minority ethnic groups, Cephalotaxus is used to treat various diseases, e.g., cough, internal bleeding and cancer in Miao medicine, bruises,...
Da-Cheng Hao

Applications of mass spectrometry imaging in virus research

1 month 2 weeks ago
Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is a label-free molecular imaging technique allowing an untargeted detection of a broad range of biomolecules and xenobiotics. MSI enables imaging of the spatial distribution of proteins, peptides, lipids and metabolites from a wide range of samples. To date, this technique is commonly applied to tissue sections in cancer diagnostics and biomarker development, but also molecular histology in general. Advances in the methodology and bioinformatics improved the...
Luca D Bertzbach
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