Plant Metabolomics Reviews

Review of the recent developments in metabolomics-based phytochemical research

1 day 22 hours ago
Phytochemicals are important bioactive components present in natural products. Although the health benefits of many food products are well-known and accepted as a common knowledge, the identity of the main bioactive molecules and the mechanism by which they interact in the body of human are often unknown. It was only in the last 30 years when the field of metabolomics had matured that the identification of such molecules with bioactivity has been made possible through the development of...
Jessica Pandohee

Metabolomics and complementary techniques to investigate the plant phytochemical cosmos

2 days 22 hours ago
Covering: up to 2021Plants and their associated microbial communities are known to produce millions of metabolites, a majority of which are still not characterized and are speculated to possess novel bioactive properties. In addition to their role in plant physiology, these metabolites are also relevant as existing and next-generation medicine candidates. Elucidation of the plant metabolite diversity is thus valuable for the successful exploitation of natural resources for humankind. Herein, we...
Hiroshi Tsugawa

The Tea Plant Leaf Cuticle: From Plant Protection to Tea Quality

4 days 22 hours ago
Camellia sinensis (tea tree) is a perennial evergreen woody crop that has been planted in more than 50 countries worldwide; its leaves are harvested to make tea, which is one of the most popular nonalcoholic beverages. The cuticle is the major transpiration barrier to restrict nonstomatal water loss and it affects the drought tolerance of tea plants. The cuticle may also provide molecular cues for the interaction with herbivores and pathogens. The tea-making process almost always includes a...
Mingjie Chen

Phytoremediation technology and food security impacts of heavy metal contaminated soils: A review of literatures

1 week ago
Heavy metal accumulation in soil and water is one of major problems caused by inorganic contaminants. Their presence in agricultural soils in high quantities have impacted the security of food significantly and, by extension, the human health. Amongst various physico-chemical methods available for remediation of heavy-metals-polluted-sites, phytoremediation approaches have been found to be safe and environment friendly. This review gathered scattered information on heavy metal phytoremediation...
Peter Olusakin Oladoye

<em>Fab</em> Advances in <em>Fabaceae</em> for Abiotic Stress Resilience: From 'Omics' to Artificial Intelligence

1 week 2 days ago
Legumes are a better source of proteins and are richer in diverse micronutrients over the nutritional profile of widely consumed cereals. However, when exposed to a diverse range of abiotic stresses, their overall productivity and quality are hugely impacted. Our limited understanding of genetic determinants and novel variants associated with the abiotic stress response in food legume crops restricts its amelioration. Therefore, it is imperative to understand different molecular approaches in...
Dharmendra Singh

Turning Waste into Beneficial Resource: Implication of Ageratum conyzoides L. in Sustainable Agriculture, Environment and Biopharma Sectors

1 week 5 days ago
The annual herb, Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae), is distributed throughout the world. Although invasive, it can be very useful as a source of essential oils, pharmaceuticals, biopesticides, and bioenergy. However, very limited information exists on the molecular basis of its different utility as previous investigations were mainly focused on phytochemical/biological activity profiling. Here we have explored various properties of A. conyzoides that may offer environmental, ecological,...
Suman Paul

Coordinated resource allocation to plant growth-defense trade-offs

2 weeks 2 days ago
Plant resource allocation patterns often reveal trade-offs that favor growth (G) over defense (D), or vice versa. Ecologists most often explain G-D trade-offs through principles of economic optimality, in which negative trait correlations are attributed to the reconciliation of fitness costs. Recently, researchers in molecular biology have developed 'big-data' resources including multi-omic (e.g., transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic) studies that describe the cellular processes controlling...
Russell K Monson

Phenol Biological Metabolites as Food Intake Biomarkers, a Pending Signature for a Complete Understanding of the Beneficial Effects of the Mediterranean Diet

3 weeks 3 days ago
The Mediterranean diet (MD) has become a dietary pattern of reference due to its preventive effects against chronic diseases, especially relevant in cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Establishing an objective tool to determine the degree of adherence to the MD is a pending task and deserves consideration. The central axis that distinguishes the MD from other dietary patterns is the choice and modality of food consumption. Identification of intake biomarkers of commonly consumed foods is a key...
Juana I Mosele

Plant associated fungal endophytes as a source of natural bioactive compounds

4 weeks 1 day ago
Endophytes are a potent source of bioactive compounds that mimic plant-based metabolites. The relationship of host plant and endophyte is significantly associated with alteration in fungal colonisation and the extraction of endophyte-derived bioactive compounds. Screening of fungal endophytes and their relationship with host plants is essential for the isolation of bioactive compounds. Numerous bioactive compounds with antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer, and immunomodulatory properties are...
Nilesh Rai

FT-ICR-MS-based metabolomics: A deep dive into plant metabolism

1 month ago
Metabolomics involves the identification and quantification of metabolites to unravel the chemical footprints behind cellular regulatory processes and to decipher metabolic networks, opening new insights to understand the correlation between genes and metabolites. In plants, it is estimated the existence of hundreds of thousands of metabolites and the majority is still unknown. Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS) is a powerful analytical technique to tackle...
Marisa Maia

Applications of Multi-Omics Technologies for Crop Improvement

1 month ago
Multiple "omics" approaches have emerged as successful technologies for plant systems over the last few decades. Advances in next-generation sequencing (NGS) have paved a way for a new generation of different omics, such as genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics. However, metabolomics, ionomics, and phenomics have also been well-documented in crop science. Multi-omics approaches with high throughput techniques have played an important role in elucidating growth, senescence, yield, and the...
Yaodong Yang

Fast-forward breeding for a food-secure world

1 month ago
Crop production systems need to expand their outputs sustainably to feed a burgeoning human population. Advances in genome sequencing technologies combined with efficient trait mapping procedures accelerate the availability of beneficial alleles for breeding and research. Enhanced interoperability between different omics and phenotyping platforms, leveraged by evolving machine learning tools, will help provide mechanistic explanations for complex plant traits. Targeted and rapid assembly of...
Rajeev K Varshney

Recent applications of mass spectrometry for the characterization of cannabis and hemp phytocannabinoids: From targeted to untargeted analysis

1 month 1 week ago
This review is a collection of recent applications of mass spectrometry studies for the characterization of phytocannabinoids in cannabis and hemp plant material and related products. The focus is mostly on recent applications using mass spectrometry as detector, in hyphenation to typical separation techniques (i.e., liquid chromatography or gas chromatography), but also with less common couplings or by simple direct analysis. The papers are described starting from the most common approach for...
Anna Laura Capriotti

Metabolomics and Molecular Approaches Reveal Drought Stress Tolerance in Plants

1 month 1 week ago
Metabolic regulation is the key mechanism implicated in plants maintaining cell osmotic potential under drought stress. Understanding drought stress tolerance in plants will have a significant impact on food security in the face of increasingly harsh climatic conditions. Plant primary and secondary metabolites and metabolic genes are key factors in drought tolerance through their involvement in diverse metabolic pathways. Physio-biochemical and molecular strategies involved in plant tolerance...
Manoj Kumar

Crucial Cell Signaling Compounds Crosstalk and Integrative Multi-Omics Techniques for Salinity Stress Tolerance in Plants

1 month 2 weeks ago
In the era of rapid climate change, abiotic stresses are the primary cause for yield gap in major agricultural crops. Among them, salinity is considered a calamitous stress due to its global distribution and consequences. Salinity affects plant processes and growth by imposing osmotic stress and destroys ionic and redox signaling. It also affects phytohormone homeostasis, which leads to oxidative stress and eventually imbalances metabolic activity. In this situation, signaling compound crosstalk...
Rajesh K Singhal

Identification of Biomolecules Involved in the Adaptation to the Environment of Cold-Loving Microorganisms and Metabolic Pathways for Their Production

1 month 3 weeks ago
Cold-loving microorganisms of all three domains of life have unique and special abilities that allow them to live in harsh environments. They have acquired structural and molecular mechanisms of adaptation to the cold that include the production of anti-freeze proteins, carbohydrate-based extracellular polymeric substances and lipids which serve as cryo- and osmoprotectants by maintaining the fluidity of their membranes. They also produce a wide diversity of pigmented molecules to obtain energy,...
Eva Garcia-Lopez

Metabolomics as a Tool to Elucidate the Sensory, Nutritional and Safety Quality of Wheat Bread-A Review

1 month 3 weeks ago
Wheat (Triticum aestivum) is one of the most extensively cultivated and used staple crops in human nutrition, while wheat bread is annually consumed in more than nine billion kilograms over the world. Consumers' purchase decisions on wheat bread are largely influenced by its nutritional and sensorial characteristics. In the last decades, metabolomics is considered an effective tool for elucidating the information on metabolites; however, the deep investigations on metabolites still remain a...
Adriana Păucean

Crosstalk between Light- and Temperature-Mediated Processes under Cold and Heat Stress Conditions in Plants

1 month 3 weeks ago
Extreme temperatures are among the most important stressors limiting plant growth and development. Results indicate that light substantially influences the acclimation processes to both low and high temperatures, and it may affect the level of stress injury. The interaction between light and temperature in the regulation of stress acclimation mechanisms is complex, and both light intensity and spectral composition play an important role. Higher light intensities may lead to overexcitation of the...
Tibor Janda

Role of Reactive Oxygen Species and Hormones in Plant Responses to Temperature Changes

1 month 3 weeks ago
Temperature stress is one of the major abiotic stresses that adversely affect agricultural productivity worldwide. Temperatures beyond a plant's physiological optimum can trigger significant physiological and biochemical perturbations, reducing plant growth and tolerance to stress. Improving a plant's tolerance to these temperature fluctuations requires a deep understanding of its responses to environmental change. To adapt to temperature fluctuations, plants tailor their acclimatory signal...
Amith R Devireddy

Unravelling Plant Responses to Stress-The Importance of Targeted and Untargeted Metabolomics

1 month 3 weeks ago
Climate change and an increasing population, present a massive global challenge with respect to environmentally sustainable nutritious food production. Crop yield enhancements, through breeding, are decreasing, whilst agricultural intensification is constrained by emerging, re-emerging, and endemic pests and pathogens, accounting for ~30% of global crop losses, as well as mounting abiotic stress pressures, due to climate change. Metabolomics approaches have previously contributed to our...
James William Allwood
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Plant Metabolomics Reviews
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